怎样提高雅思写作成绩,了解一下

翻译资讯    发布时间:2018/5/14 14:42:00

雅思写作不同于其他的英文写作,究竟怎样才能取得雅思高分呢?

审计报告翻译对译员的要求


一、开头语


“良好的开端是成功的一半”,有个良好的雅思写作开头段也是相同的道理,写好了开头段离雅思写作高分也就更近一步了。那么我们该如何写好开头段?下面给出几个写好雅思作文开头的几个简单方法,各位烤鸭们可以参考参考~教大家如何做到在第一段给出清晰的个人观点!


其实我们可以把雅思写作题目中的提问方式分成四个大类:观点类(opinion essay)、讨论类(discussion essay)、优劣势类(advantage and disadvantage essay)和报告类(report)。每一种提问方式的题目都有自己不同的开头段写作方法。

Opinion Essay

观察观点类题目的特征,我们不难发现,此类题型的特征是题目有且只有一个观点。而题目要求我们回答的是 "同意" 或 "不同意" 的观点。所以只要确定好自己的观点,开头段就可以写出来。

例如:Some people believe that living in big cities is bad for health.

Do you agree or disagree?

如果,我们选择同意此观点,可以根据 "背景句+直接转述题目+个人观点" 的公式。

专业译员对口译初学者的一些建议和帮助


These days, it is quite common to see that a growing number of people choose to settle down in large cities. (背景句) But some people argue that leading an urban life would produce negative influences on people’s health. (直接转述题目 ) Personally, I agree with this idea. (个人观点)

如果选择不同意题目观点,则可以用 "although" 的让步状语从句进行改写,得到:

These days, it is quite common to see that a growing number of people choose to settle down in large cities. (背景句) Although some people argue that leading an urban life would produce negative influences on people’s health, ( although + 直接转述题目 ) personally, I do not agree with this idea. (个人观点)

Discussion Essay

观察讨论类的题目,可以发现,这样的题目会有两个观点,并且题目要求 "讨论双方观点" 和 "给出自己的观点"。这样的题目中,其实只用在开头段中写出背景句和转述双方观点就好了,至于个人的观点,可以放到 personal idea 的段落中。如:

Some people think citizens should be responsible for their own health costs. Others think it is better to have a healthcare system which provides free health services.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

这个题目的开头段就可以写为:

People in some countries are paying an increasing amount of money for seeing a doctor, even for a minor illness. (背景句) But, still, some people assert that individuals themselves are supposed to pay such fees. (一方观点) However, other people disagree and suggest that it is the government’s responsibility to undertake the health costs for its citizens. (另一方观点)

Advantages & Disadvantage Essay

优劣势的题目,一般而言都会给出一个现象或者是趋势,这又刚好和我们开头段中的 "背景句" 吻合了,所以在优劣势文章的开头段的时候就没有必要再写背景句了,直接转述题目就可以了。但是要表达出自己的 "优大于劣" 或者 "劣大于优" 的观点,只需要用一句话就搞定了。如:

Shopping online is replacing shopping in stores.

Do the advantages outweigh its disadvantages?

开头段可以写为:

These days, it is common to see that people prefer choosing online shopping to shopping in physical stores. Although some problems would occur as this trend continues, I believe such development brings more benefits.

Report

其实 report 最简单,因为通常题目和优劣势文章一样,会给出一个现象或趋势,所以开头段的组成部分就只有改写题目。如:

In many parts of the world, children and teenagers are committing more crimes.

Why is this happening?

What are the possible solutions to solve this problem?

These days, it is common to see that the rate of youth crime has been increasing dramatically all over the globe and it is one of the most worrying issues in modern society.

二、句型扩展

对于语法基础薄弱却没有时间系统学习语法的同学,建议先熟悉英语句子的框架,只要不离开这些基本句型,句子就不会有错误,然后在基本句型的基础上进行扩展。比如:

1. 有一个大的增长;

There was a substantial increase.

2. 有一个大的增长在汽车数量上;

There was a substantial increase in the number of cars.

3. 有一个大的增长在使用清洁能源的汽车数量上
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